hegel: wissenschaft der logik

The One is only a One with reference to another One―Repulsion; but this "other" One is in itself identical to, is in fact, the original One―Attraction: each is the moment of the other. a. Schluß der Allheit. These different Qualities form Nodes on a line of gradual Quantitative increase or decrease. This beyond, in which they are unified, is the Infinite. It is therefore identical with Being, except that it is thought of as its very opposite. may be given as prime grounds (i.e. Erstes Kapitel. Download books for free. From the Ideal standpoint of Infinity, Being-for-Self has become free from this burden and so is absolutely determined Being. 3 (1 Review) Published: 1841. Cambridge University Press. The Spurious Infinity/True Infinity dialectic again makes an appearance here as either term of the ratio is only capable of infinitely approximating the ratio's constant, the one increasing in proportion to a decrease in the other, but never actually reaching it (neither x nor y may equal zero). [24] Something is thus only temporary, contains its own Ceasing-to-Be within itself and so is (c) Finite, i.e., doomed to eventually cease to be. Wissenschaft der Logik, 2. Being has finally determined itself to no longer be simply affirmative Being, i.e., that which characterized Being as Being in the first place, but as a relation with itself, as Being-With-Self, or Essence. Since each Real Measure within a series forms such a constant with every other member in that series, any individual series in which a particular Real Measure serves as the Unit can be made commensurable with any other series with a different Real Measure as Unit. Science of Logic also incorporates the traditional Aristotelian syllogism: It is conceived as a phase of the "original unity of thought and being" rather than as a detached, formal instrument of inference. Whether you've loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them. This unity is called Being-for-Self. This progress can take place in one of two directions, the greater or the smaller, giving us the so-called "infinitely great" or "infinitely small." However, the Number ten or twenty, though made up of Many, is also a self-determining One, independent of other Numbers for its determination. Logique. This Other is another Quantum, of a greater or lesser Amount, which, in turn, immediately points beyond itself to yet an Other Quantum ad infinitum. However, if we then take the constant produced by the ratio of the two sides as a self-subsistent Something in its own right, that is, a Being-for-Self, then the two formerly entirely distinct Qualities become its own sublated moments, their very natures now seen to have been in fact derived from this relation of Measure in the first place. Die vierte Figur: A-A-A, oder der mathematische Schluß. Since no new Quality has been taken on, we cannot call this transition a Becoming, but rather a Repulsion, i.e., the positing of (c) Many Ones. Hegels "Wissenschaft der Logik" Im Spannungsfeld der Kritik: Historische Und Systematische Untersuchungen Zur Diskussion Um Funktion Und Leistungsfähigkeit von Hegels "Wissenschaft der Logik" Bis 1831. "explanation of") some phenomena, but we may later find upon critical examination that this phenomenon supposedly explained by centrifugal force is actually used to infer centrifugal force in the first place. Although as a whole, the Positive and Negative comprise a unity, the Positive on its own is also a self-subsistent being, as is the Negative on its own. [87], The immediate characteristic displayed by Essence, once it finally emerges from Being, is simply that it is not Being. [50], Although unified in Quantity, Continuity and Discreteness still retain their distinction from one another. Science of Logic (SL; German: Wissenschaft der Logik, WdL), first published between 1812 and 1816, is the work in which Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel outlined his vision of logic. Hegel, Wissenschaft der Logik. A given determination, as seen from its Positive aspect, is Likeness reflected back onto itself off of Unlikeness. Wissenschaft der Logik | Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich | ISBN: 9781484031834 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. 1-2. [63], The Quantitative Infinite negates Quantum, and Quantum in turn negates Infinity. We can thus take the Qualities of both sides into account, the independent, or Realized, Measure serving as their (c) Relation. So if, from our external standpoint, that which comprises the Identity of something cannot be established without a Comparison of Likeness with something else. Therefore, the Positive and Negative are in fact the same and this, their sameness—which nevertheless includes their Contradiction—is their Essence as Ground.[99]. [74], Although now united by the Quantitative Ratio, the two or more Qualities thus brought into relation retain their mutual separation as distinct Qualities. Hamburg: Meiner 1987. It is neither a Determinate Being, nor a Something, nor a Constitution, etc. The inherent contradiction between difference and unity is resolved when the latter is posited as the negative of the former. Wissenschaft der Logik, (Logika ako veda 1, 2; Pravda; 1986) 1912-1916 Enzyklopädie der Wissenschaften , 1817 , 1827 , 1830 Grundlinien der Philosophie des … This self-determination constitutes the Quality of the Quantum, and finally demonstrates the full significance of the essential identity of Quality and Quantity. Out of this nullity, the unity of the two sides is restored in the following way. Find books Band 5, Frankfurt a. M. 1979, S. 11.: Erster Teil. Quality, then, comprises both what a Determinate Being is and is not, viz., that which makes it determinate in the first place. What something was, was determined entirely by that which differentiated it from what it wasn't, i.e., it was negatively determined by its Other. [17] (Hegel's view is in this way contrasted with Kant's noumenon, the unknowable "thing in itself": Being-in-itself taken in isolation from Being-for-Other is nothing but an empty abstraction and to ask "what it is" is to ask a question made impossible to answer. Therefore, while the Essentialities are absolutely Identical in their shared nothingness, their absolute negativity, they are equally absolutely Different in their determinations, their relative negativity. Its course is from the objective to the subjective "sides" (or judgements as Hegel calls them) of the Notion. Science of Logic (SL; German: Wissenschaft der Logik, WdL), first published between 1812 and 1816, is the work in which Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel outlined his vision of logic. That it is Different from other things does not concern us or it at the moment: it is implicit. [58], Although thus differentiated from each other, Extensive and Intensive magnitude are essentially (b) the same. Und doch widersprechen sich selbst 200 Jahre bestimmte Interpretationen des Werkes vollkommen. [26] The flip side of this, though, is that the Limit also takes its negative along with it back into the Something, this (the result of negating the Limit) being the Other yet now as posited in the Something as that Something’s very own Determination. by Koch, Anton / Schick, Friedrike. Limitation and the Ought are the twin, self-contradictory moments of the Finite. Book Three: The Doctrine of the Notion outlines the subjective side of the Notion as Notion, or, the Notion as it is for itself [für sich]; human beings, animals and plants being some of the shapes it takes in nature. He thought that, as it had hitherto been practiced, this science demanded a total and radical reformulation "from a higher standpoint." Therefore, the first Number of the ratio completely loses its independent significance and only functions as a determinate Quantum in relation to an other. A One could only relate to another One identical to itself. They cannot be cut off from each other, but either one can be foregrounded leaving the other present only implicitly. For Finite things, "the hour of their birth is the hour of their death. It is the Intensive side of Quantity (see above) such as it relates to specific Real Measures that determines its Qualitative behaviour when subject to changes in Extensive Quantity. The other moment, that of Repulsion, is also retained in Quantity as Discreteness. [83], This Substrate, as what persists through the succession of States, is in a relation of Absolute Indifference to every particular determination—be it of quality, quantity or measure—that it contains. Illusory Being, as has already been established, is a nullity, nothingness. 38 See, for example, Hegel, , Wissenschaft der Logik, 2: 202; Science of Logic, p. 542 (on ‘immediate, unreflected actuality’). The two Qualities are no longer distinct, mutually exclusive determinations, but together comprise a single whole. georo wilhelm friedrich hegel samtliche werke herausgegeben von georg lasson band iv: wissenschaft der logik zweiter teil verlag von felix meiner in leipzig georg wilhelm friedrich hegel wissenschaft der logik herjfujsgegeben von georg lasson zwhite auflage mit einer vergleichenden seitenobersicht zweiter teil der philosophischen bibliothek band 57 Die objektive Logik 250,00 € / $350.00 / £227.50* Add to Cart. The Logic of Hegel by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Download Read more. Indem die Logik Wissenschaft der absoluten Form ist, so muß dieß Formelle, damit es ein Wahres seye, an ihm selbst einen Inhalt haben, welcher seiner Form gemäß sey, und um so mehr, da das logische Formelle die reine Form, also das logische Wahre, die reine Wahrheit selbst seyn muß. G. W. F. Hegel: Wissenschaft der Logik. 39687 Hegel: Wissenschaft der Logik 9 Bewußtsein in der Phänomenologie des Geistes dar-zustellen versucht. In ihren drei Teilen – „Das Sein“ (1812/1832), „Die Lehre vom Wesen“ (1813) und „Die subjektive Logik oder die Lehre vom Begriff“ (1816) – verfolgt sie den Weg, auf dem Denken sich zum begreifenden und sich selbst begreifenden Denken bestimmt. Der Begriff. Broken into components, form taken together with essence gives us "a substrate for the ground relation" (Hegel seems to mean relation in a quasi-universal sense). It was published in two volumes. Die subjective Logik. [84], B. Indifference as Inverse Ratio of its Factors, Taken in its immediacy, this Indifference is simply the result of all the different determinatenesses that emerge within it. [78], The Quantity/Quality dialectic manifests itself in the realm of Elective Affinity in that a Real Measure within in a series will not necessarily resonate Qualitatively with those in another series even if they bear a proportional Quantitative relationship. [10], The transition between Becoming and (a) Determinate Being as Such (Dasein) is accomplished by means of sublation. Potentially any set of reasons could be given for an official to be holding office. Science of Logic (Wissenschaft der Logik) ... Hegel: Religion, Economics, and the Politics of Spirit, 1770–1807. Now, with c) Determining Reflection, not only is the moment of Illusory Being foregrounded again, but the specific determinations of this Being come into play as well. Ditto the Negative. "Determinate ground" consists of "formal ground," "real ground," and "complete ground." Vol.III with 2 title-pages. This contradiction is resolved by their immediate vanishing, one into the other. The One, though, as negatively related to all aspects of Quality excepting its own Quality of being the Void, cannot take on a Qualitative determinateness like Determinate Being did. Pure Quantity is a One, but a One made up of the Many having been Attracted back into each other out of their initial Repulsion. Since any aspect may be externally selected to demonstrate the Likeness and Unlikeness of any two things, these terms really only refer, not intrinsically to their objects, but to themselves only and, as likewise self-referred, are indistinguishable from each other independent of their objects. 2020 ist Hegel-Jahr: Vor 250 Jahren wurde der Philosoph Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel geboren. [22], From the perspective of the Limit, a Something is only a particular Something insofar as it is not something else. This identity in the Unit constitutes the Continuity of Number. Der Schluß der Reflexion. Finally, just as Becoming mediated between Being and Nothing, Alteration is now the mediator between Something and Other. Yet they are held to be separate by this stage of thought and so the two terms are eternally stuck in an empty oscillation back and forth from one another. Table of Contents. Hegel's logic is a system of dialectics, i.e., a dialectical metaphysics: it is a development of the principle that thought and being constitute a single and active unity. Hegel heute Zur „Wissenschaft der Logik“ (II)* Von L. Bruno PUNTEL (München) Angesichts der sich intensivierenden Beschäftigung mit Hegels Wissenschaft der Logik (= WL) wird es immer schwieriger, die ständig an wachsende Literatur über dieses Werk zu verfolgen und zu diskutieren. Number is made up of a One or Many Ones—which, as quanta, are called Units—each of which is identical to the other. Hegel war diesem Vorbild gefolgt und hatte in seinem System die Systemteile Wissenschaft der Logik, Naturphilosophie und Philosophie des Geistes unterschieden. [6] This Pure Knowing is simply Knowing as Such, and as such, has for its first thought product Being as Such, i.e., the purest abstraction from all that is (although, importantly, not distinct from, or alongside, all that is), having "no diversity within itself nor with any reference outwards. The reality of the True Infinite is in fact "more real" than the Reality of Determinate Being. This means that the Something's self-determination (inherited from Determined Being as Such) is only relative, entirely dependent on what it isn't to be what it is, and entirely dependent on Something posited as the contradiction of itself, of its own Limit. in seiner eigenen immanenten Tätigkeit oder, was dasselbe ist, in seiner notwendigen Entwicklung darzustellen. A ratio, such as x:y, is a Direct Ratio if both terms of the ratio are delimited by a single Quantum, a constant, k (what Hegel calls in the language of his day the "exponent" of the ratio). Wissenschaft der Logik by Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, 1770-1831. Thus the only way to see matter is by combining matter with form (given a literal reading of his text). Die völlige Umänderung, welche die philosophische Denkweise seit etwa fünfundzwanzig Jahren unter uns erlitten, der höhere Standpunkt, den das Selbstbewußtsein des Geistes in dieser Zeitperiode über sich erreicht hat, hat bisher noch wenig Einfluß auf die Gestalt der Logik gehabt. The file will be sent to your Kindle account. "[T]hey are only distinguished by the one having amount within itself and the other having amount outside itself." L. Rauch 1983. From the standpoint of the one One, then, there are no other Ones, that is, its relation to them is one of (a) Exclusion. Yet another duality emerges at this point. As an example Hegel says that an official may hold an office for a variety of reasons—suitable connections, made an appearance on such and such occasion, and so forth. The indifference of Quantum is retained in Measure insofar as the magnitude of things can increase or decrease without fundamentally altering their Quality, and yet their essential unity nevertheless manifests at the Limit where an alteration in Quantity will bring about a change in Quality. Just as the One was completely indifferent to the other Ones of the Many yet depended on them for its existence, each Degree is indifferent to every other Degree, yet they are externally related to one another in ascending or descending flow through a scale of Degrees. Only the second edition of Science of Logic is translated into English. Hegels »Wissenschaft der Logik« (1812/1816) zählt zu den einflussreichsten philosophischen Schriften der Neuzeit. The file will be sent to your email address. [95], Absolute Difference contains both Difference and Identity within it as moments just as, conversely, Identity contains itself and Difference as its moments. [76], Real Measure gives us a new standpoint external to the different Measures being brought into relation with each other, this relation now designating the independent existence of an actual physical Something. This term, the traditional English translation of the German word aufheben, means to preserve, to maintain, but also to cease, to put an end to. So if we are an external party concerned with a specific determination of Identity, the moment of Difference, though intrinsic to the fact of this Identity, is very far from our minds. Formerly, any single Number could simultaneously denote either an Amount or a Unit; now, it must serve exclusively as the one or the other in relation to another Number serving as the opposite. [97], Both the Positive and the Negative are self-subsistent determinations: each side can stand on its own without explicit reference to the other. Die völlige Umänderung, welche die philosophische Denkweise seit etwa fünfundzwanzig Jahren unter uns erlitten, der höhere Standpunkt, den das Selbstbewußtsein des Geistes in dieser Zeitperiode über sich erreicht hat, hat bisher noch wenig Einfluß auf die Gestalt der Logik gehabt. Illusory Being, though not Essence itself, nevertheless belongs entirely to Essence. In a (uncharacteristically) readable three paragraph remark, Hegel criticizes the misuse of formal grounds, claiming that the sciences are basically built upon empty tautologies. Die Wissenschaft der Logik. By. [39], This (a) One in its Own Self, standing in negative relation to all its preceding moments, is entirely differentiated from each of them. Taken in their unity, that is, in their immediacy as, again, sublated, they are now only moments of (c) Something. Now however, in the Ratio of Powers, what it relates itself to externally is determined by its own self, and that which relates externally to its own self has long since been defined as Quality. "At the name of the infinite, the heart and the mind light up, for in the infinite the spirit is not merely abstractly present to itself, but rises to its own self, to the light of thinking, of its universality, of its freedom. Because the Inverse Ratio confines within itself many Direct Ratios, the constant of the former displays itself not merely as a Quantitative, but also as a Qualitative Limit. Being and Nothing were complete opposites whose inner unity needed to be expressed, or mediated, by a third term: Becoming. Instead of merely excluding each other, each side sublates the other, meaning that whatever is posited as Positive is at the same time equally the Negative of its Negative, and whatever is Negative is at the same time equally a Positive. [29], The negation that Being-in-Itself experienced in the Limitation, the negation that made it Finite, is again negated resulting in the affirmative determination of (a) the Infinite in General which now reveals itself, not as something distinct from, but as the true nature of the Finite. Der erste Teil des dreiteiligen Werks der Wissenschaft der Logik, die objektive Logik oder Seinslogik erfuhr 1832 seine letzte Form. Because it is the nature of the One to be purely self-related, their relation to one another is in fact a non-relation, i.e., takes place externally in the Void. [88], So in its relation to Essence, Being has lost its being, has become Illusory. A. V. Miller, (London: Allen & Unwin, 1969). [81], Measure, being the unity of Quality and Quantity, now transitions into its version of the Infinite, the Measureless, which accordingly is the unity of the Qualitative and Quantitative Infinites. When this negation itself is negated, which is called "absolute negation," what a Determinate Being is, is no longer dependent on what it is not for its own determination, but becomes an actual particular Something in its own right: a Being-Within-Self. The first, ‘The Objective Logic’, has two parts (the Doctrines of Being and Essence) and each part was published in 1812 and 1813 respectively. Instead, they are indifferent to one another. Die Philosophie des Geistes / The Philosophy of Spirit. Ed. However, when two Real Measures, which are themselves ratios, are combined, the result is a new ratio of those ratios, itself designated by a constant in the form of a Quantum. They are no longer indifferent to one another but relate to each other intrinsically as Opposites. Therefore, the series of Quantitative relationships between these Real Measures only determines the (c) Elective Affinity between their different Qualities, but not these Qualities themselves. Die Wissenschaft der Logik ist ein zweibändiges Werk des Philosophen Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831), das zwischen 1812 und 1816 zuerst in Nürnberg erschien. This distinction is therefore meaningful as posited by thought. The constant that results from this ratio is the inner characteristic Real Measure of the thing in question, but, taking the form as it does of a mere number, a Quantum, this constant is likewise subject to alteration, i.e., addition, subtraction, etc. Previously, Quantum was held to be indifferent to the Quality of that which it quantified. ), So, similar to Becoming above, the Positive and the Negative immediately transition the one into the other: the Positive includes the Negative which immediately excludes the Positive; the resulting Negative however also includes the Positive which in turn excludes the Negative and so on ad infinitum. Hegel: Logiikan tiede (Wissenschaft der Logik) Ilmari Jauhiainen (julkaistu 2.11.2011, muokattu 16.9.2014) Logiikan tiedettä ( Wissenschaft der Logik , 1812/1813/1816/1832) pidetään yleisesti yhtenä Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegelin (1770–1831) pääteoksista. Finally, content is the unity of form and determinate matter. It is therefore a Qualitative Quantum. It is merely the abstract expression of the unity that underlies their totality. If two material things are combined, the dual Measures of the one are added to those of the other. [89], Reflection in the sphere of Essence corresponds to Becoming in the sphere of Being. Imparted with continuous, Infinite motion, the One, Repulsion and Attraction become the sublated moments of Quantity.

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